A Closer Check of the Sources

In my first book, “Lifting the Veil on the Lost Continent of Mu Motherland of Men,” I attempted to find the sources used to back up James Churchward’s theories. I was not always successful in finding the original source. Sometimes the name of the original proponent of the particular passage was absent or the labeling of the attribution was incorrect.

In one such case of an incorrect reference, I did run across the correct data, of sorts.
In Lifting the Veil on the Lost Continent of Mu, Motherland of Men
From Appendix 1, one of the entries for Valmiki reads as follows:

Pages 59-60:
VALMIKI. Ramayana. Vol. I Page 342. — “The Maya adepts, the Naacals, starting from the land of their birth in the east, as missionaries of religion and learning went first to Burma and there taught the Nagas. From Burma they went to the Deccan in India, whence they carried their religion and learning to Babylonia and to Egypt.”

I was unable to find the quoted passage and therefore did not follow it with any amplifying information.

On page 77 of Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx(1896,) the following text is contained at the bottom of the page:

In Hindostan, some nations hold the same belief concerning monkeys that we read of in the sacred book of the Quiches, to wit: “That formerly men were changed into apes as a punishment for their iniquities.” The ape god Hanuman, who rendered such valuable assistance to Rama in the recovery of his wife Sita when she was abducted by Ravana,2 is still held in…
1 Popol Vuh, Brasseur translation, part i., chap. iii., p. 31.
2 Valmiki, Ramayana, part i., p. 342, et passim. French translation by Hippolyte Fauche.

At the bottom of the page, as a footnote, is the missing reference. Obviously, a quote about Hanuman’s assistance to Rama has nothing to do with Maya adepts, Naacals, or how people migrated from Mu.

As an aside, in Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx pages xxiii – xxiv of the preface:

“Perhaps also will be felt the necessity of recovering the libraries of the Maya sages (hidden about the beginning of the Christian era to save them from destruction at the hands of the devastating hordes that invaded their country in those times), and to learn from their contents the wisdom of those ancient philosophers, of which that preserved in the books of the Brahmins is but the reflection. That wisdom was no doubt brought to India, and from there carried to Babylon and Egypt in very remote ages by those Maya adepts (Naacal – “the exalted”), who, starting from the land of their birth as missionaries of religion and civilization, went to Burmah, where they became known as Nagas, established themselves in the Dekkan, whence they carried their civilizing work all over the earth.

This passage was included in the entry for the Naacal Tablets. Perhaps it should also be an edited, unattributed quote from Le Plongeon instead of the lofty attribution to an religious text.

Mention of this passage does raise a curious point, James Churchward describes an advanced, ancient civilization where everyone was at peace and learned the secrets of the Naacal Tablets to maintain the advanced civilization. Also, Mu was the Motherland, the Garden of Eden and the Maya were the ones who set off to explore the world. Where did the Nagas come from or the people in Egypt or Babylonia? Did some humans slip away and turn their back on the Motherland or is it just another inconsistency?

When Mu was Atlantis Part 2

The article in the New York American from October 20, 1912 by Paul Schliemann was entitled, “HOW I FOUND THE LOST ATLANTIS, THE SOURCE OF ALL CIVILIZATION.” The author provides a description of a portion of his incredible evidence as to the previous existence of Atlantis. Although promising more information and eventually a complete discussion of all the evidence in a forthcoming book, he was never heard from again.


In addition to nearly the same quote from the Troano Manuscript as cited from Le Plongeon in Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx (see When Mu was Atlantis Part 1,) Schliemann also adds a new document, the Lhasa Record. According to Peter Schliemann, this 2,000 year-old record is from the ‘old Buddhistic Temple’ in Lhasa, Tibet and written in Chaldean script.

“When the star Bal fell on the place where is now only sea and sky the Seven Cities with their Golden Gates and Transparent Temples quivered and shook like the leaves of a tree in storm. And behold a flood of fire and smoke arose from the palaces. Agony and cries of the multitude filled the air. They sought refuge in their temples and citadels. And the wise Mu, the hieratic of Ra-Mu, arose and said to them: ‘Did not I predict all this?’ And the women and the men in their precious stones and shining garments lamented: ‘Mu, save us.’ And Mu replied: ‘You shall die together with your slaves and your riches and from your ashes will arise new nations. If they forget they are superior, not because of what they put on, but of what they put out, the same lot will befall them!’ Flame and smoke choked the words of Mu. The land and its inhabitants were torn to pieces and swallowed by the depths in a few months.”

One might wonder why a Chaldean inscription might be found in the remote mountains of Tibet, especially of such great antiquity. The Chaldean people are first identified by the Greeks as early as the 9th century BCE, the Chaldean Empire (also known as the Neo-Babylonian Empire,) existed in the 6th and 7th centuries BCE, however sometimes the Syriac alphabet is sometimes (erroneously) called the Chaldean script and is known from the 1st century AD. Obviously, there is a discrepancy with regards to the time frame the supposed ‘Chaldean’ inscription was created, either 1100, 1300 or 2000 years before the people or the script even existed. Further complicating the veracity of the ‘Lhasa Record’ is no other person has reported to have seen the inscription nor have any images, pictures or drawings been revealed or shown. Peter Schliemann produced pictures of the other artifacts he discovered, but not this inscription. Most researchers without a far-fetched point to prove would dismiss the ‘Lhasa Record,’ much has been done with Churchward’s ‘Naacal Tablets’ or Blavatsy’s ‘Book of Dzyan.’

James Churchward (1851-1936)


James Churchward, as further proof of Mu, also uses the ‘Lhasa Record’ in his books. While there is no evidence James Churchward ever met or corresponded with Peter Schliemann, the discovery of a copy of the 1912 article in one of James’ scrapbooks removes all doubt of his familiarity with his information, but again James insists his evidence proves the real location of Mu. As he wrote in the 1926 Lost Continent of Mu Motherland of Men:

Schliemann, on apparently two records only, the Troano Manuscript and the Lhasa Record, asserts that Atlantis was the land of Mu. These records do not state that Mu and Atlantis were identical; it is mere surmise on the part of Schliemann. Other records which he might have consulted would have told him plainly that the land of Mu lay to the west of America and not to the east, the location of Atlantis. However, both Atlantis and the land of Mu were destroyed by volcanic eruptions and submerged. Science has proved that beyond the shadow of a doubt.

On page 57 of his 1926 work, Churchward quotes the following extract from the Lhasa Record:

“When the star of Bal fell on the place where now is only the sky and the sea, the seven cities with their golden gates and transparent temples, quivered and shook like the leaves in a storm; and, behold, a flood of fire and smoke arose from the palaces. Agonies and cries of the multitude filled the air. They sought refuge in their temples and citadels, and the wise Mu—the Hieratic Ra Mu—arose and said to them: did I not predict all this?
And the women and the men in their precious stones and shining garments lamented ‘Mu, save us!’ and Mu replied: You shall all die together with your servants and your riches, and from your ashes new nations shall arise. If they forget they are superior not because of what they put on but what they put out the same will befall them.’ Flames and smoke choked the words of Mu: the land and its inhabitants were torn to pieces and swallowed up by the depths.”

Collapse of the Archeon Gas Belts

Other than the slight rewording of the quote from Schliemann, Churchward removes the last four words “in a few months.” This change supports James’ theory of the sinking of the continent in a matter of days, instead of ‘a few months.’ Another discrepancy involves the nature of the cataclysm causing the end of Mu, Atlantis and the other colonies. Later in the 1926 work, Churchward states the cause to be the collapse of the Archeon Gas Belts due to volcanic action and not the impact of a celestial body. Perhaps, when James translates ‘Bal’ from the Maya language to mean “Lord of the Fields,” he refers to another situation to redefine the event, but he does not further explain.

In James Churchward’s history, Atlantis was a colony of the Mu and perished in the same volcanic cataclysm. Atlantis is not ignored in Churchward’s works, but it does not play center stage as in other author’s works.

When Mu was Atlantis Part 1

Apart from Plato’s accounting of Atlantis and Ignatius Donnelly’s Atlantis: The Antediluvian World (see http://www.sacred-texts.com/atl/) there are also other lesser known descriptions of the fabled now-sunken Atlantic Ocean continent. In this short series of blog postings, the focus will be on the subject “when Mu was Atlantis.”

Augustus Le Plongeon (1826-1908)


Augustus LePlongeon (1826-1908) wrote on page 66 of Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx(1896,) the following:

“In our journey westward across the Atlantic we shall pass in sight of that spot where once existed the pride and life of the ocean, the Land of Mu, which, at the epoch that we have been considering, had not yet been visited by the wrath of Homen, that lord of volcanic fires to whose fury it afterward fell a victim. The description of that land given to Solon by Sonchis, priest at Sais; its destruction by earthquakes, and submergence, recorded by Plato in his Timaeus, have been told and retold so many times that it is useless to encumber these pages with a repetition of it.”

“Land of Mu” = Atlantis

Le Plongeon placed the original Motherland of Mankind in Central America where Queen Moo ruled (with her brother Prince Coh). After the ‘Mongol Horde’ invaded and conquered them and their advanced civilization, Queen Moo sailed off to the continent of Atlantis. While there she imparted great wisdom, knowledge and technology to the people of Atlantis and in appreciation, they unanimously renamed the continent to “Mu.” After some time, she also migrated to Egypt and imparted their great civilization to them and the legend of Isis. (Obviously, this is a very short version of the entire book, my apologies if I missed anything deemed important.)

In one example discussing the demise of Atlantis, Le Plongeon uses the erroneous translation of the Troano Manuscript by Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg (1814-1874):

“In the year six Kan, on the eleventh Mulac, in the Month Zac, there occurred terrific earthquakes, which continued without intermission until the thirteenth Chuen. The country of the hills of mud, the ‘Land of Mu,’ was sacrificed. Being twice upheaved, it suddenly disappeared during the night, the basin being continually shaken by volcanic forces. Being confined, these caused the land to sink and rise several times and in various places. At last the surface gave way, and the ten countries were torn asunder and scattered in fragments. They sank with their sixty-four million of inhabitants eight thousand and sixty years before the writing of this book.”
Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx; page 147

James Churchward wrote the ‘real’ Mu was in the Pacific, using the information he gleamed from the Naacal Tablets he read while in India in the 1870s. From James biography, My Friend Churchey, Churchward and Le Plongeon were acquainted having been among the ‘devotees of the fine arts, poets, musicians, (and) thinkers’ that gathered in the author’s parlor on Sunday afternoons. Percy Tate Griffith also remarks about the Le Plongeons, ‘whom led him (Churchward) to his later devotion to the Continent of Mu, to the series of volumes about its people.’ James also writes he was provided Le Plongeon’s notes to copy. Where Churchward split with Le Plongeon was the location of Mu, although he used many of the same sources (Troano Manuscript, Codex Cortesianus, Akab Zeb inscription, etc.) as references. In the Lost Continent of Mu Motherland of Men (1926), he wrote:

Le Plongeon advanced the theory that Central America was the Lands of the West and therefore the land of Mu, basing his deductions on the contour of the land around the Caribbean Sea, but forgetting entirely that all records establish the fact that the Lands of the West were destroyed and submerged, while Central America to this day is, of course, unsubmerged. This is as plausible as saying that a certain man is dead while he is arguing some point with you.

Both appear to agree that Mu sank, but probably not about the location or identification of the ‘Lands of the West.’

The next installment looks at another description of Mu as Atlantis.