James Churchward’s first book, “Lost Continent of Mu Motherland of Man” (1926) was dedicated to Dr. G.L Tanzer. The following is an article by Dr. Tanzer that mentions “Col.” James Churchward. James also wrote an article about the sun entitled, “The Sun is Not a Superheated Body, He Declares“.
Is Sun a Cool Body?
Seattle Scientist Advances Theory Conflicting With Old Beliefs
Maintaining that the earth is not a hot body gradually cooling off, but a cool one, Dr. G. L. Tanzer, Seattle scientist is arousing much interest by his theory of “Cosmic reciprocity.” That other scientists share his view is indicated in a recent article by Dr. Robert Andrew Milliken, one of the world’s leading scientists in a national magazine in which he said:
“We firmly believed for many years that the sun was merely a white-hot body gradually cooling off. Now we know that if were merely that it would have cooled off long ago, and we are searching for the source of its continuous supply of heat and are inclined to the belief that it is due to some form of sub-atomic change.
Dr. Tanzer was recently honored by the dedication to him of a book, “The Lost Continent of Mu,” by Col. James Churchward, well-known writer. In explaining his beliefs in a recent address before the Women’s Progressive Thought Club of Seattle, Dr. Tanzer said in part:
By Dr. G. L. Tanzer
It is impossible to give a comprehensive idea of cosmic manifestations in a small booklet like “Cosmic Reciprocity” or in a short lecture. It would require many volumes to do justice to the subject and furnish sufficient evidence to satisfy progressive scientists that many theories accepted centuries ago and which are still upheld by present day science, do not conform with facts.
A few experiments conclusively prove that our heat does not come from the sun but is an earthly energy in reciprocal interchange with that of the sun. It is impossible that temperature can be measured with an optical pyrometer (termed a bolometer) which is a form of spectroscope, both being based on the prism, and used by scientists for measuring the heat of heavenly bodies, for the reason that the prism, or spectrum, does not record heat carrying rays. It either repels or is neutral to them. The prism or spectrum records light rays only which do not carry heat.
Col. James Churchward, widely known for his great research work, who is full accord with the assertions made in “Cosmic Reciprocity,” gives the following proofs: First we took a cell filled with alum water, which allowed transmission to the LIGHT rays, and repelled the dark rays. After passing through the filter we focused the light rays on a thermometer – the temperature did not rise a degree. The optical pyrometer registered a temperature of 2,500 to 2,600 degrees Fahrenheit at the focus point. We then changed the cell, using one filled with an iodine solution, which allowed the DARK rays to pass through and repelled the light rays. The light at the focus point immediately disappeared. The optical pyrometer registered nothing, but the thermometer soon burst. Substances such as paper started burning at once at the focus point.
The forgoing experiments conclusively prove that the means which have been used to measure the temperatures of sidereal bodies are incapable of measuring temperatures.
The halo of clouds which surround the sun are said to contain elements with which we are acquainted, but with us they are in solid condition. This phenomenon appears to be another reason for believing the sun to be a super-heated body. This is no criterion whatever. Many of our solid elements can be converted into gaseous clouds with the aid of other elements, and, after the change from a solid to a gas has been made, the gases can be kept as gases without involving high temperatures. Many examples will be found in books on chemistry. While the spectroscope is supposed to show us some of the elements, it is not claimed by anyone that it discloses all; therefore it is not only possible but probable that there are elements in the sun’s clouds about which we know nothing, and that it is these unknown elements which keep all gases composing the sun’s clouds cool without solidifying. Is it not also possible that the gaseous elements supposed to be in the sun’s atmosphere are actually present in that of our earth?
The Sun’s Rays
We read in many scientific works that the sun is constantly sending forth flames hundreds of thousands of miles long. The sun’s so-called flames are rays – rays without heat because they are light rays and cold, as experiments have proved. An earthly example of the sun’s flashing is to be seen in the Aurora Borealis, also in an ordinary search light, neither of which carry heat rays. Combustion is unnecessary to produce visible rays, for visible rays emanate from radio actives such as radium, uranium, and thorium. Cold rays emanate from the glow worm, fire fly and many fishes.
Rays leave the sun’s body in the form of dark-ultra-invisible-parent rays which are the carriers of the sun’s forces. On passing through the sun’s atmosphere these parent rays divided- filtered out, the weaker light divisions become visible to the human eye. Beyond the sun’s atmosphere they cannot be seen because it is necessary for the rays to pass through elements to be seen. As soon as the sun’s rays with their forces arrive at the earth’s atmosphere, those carrying forces affinitive to earthly forces commence their work thus; the forces in the sun’s light rays set in motion the earth’s affinitive light forces and the phenomenon daylight, or sunlight, is the result.
Flames of the magnitude of the flashings of the sun’s light rays, would have consumed the sun millions of years ago. Flames are super-heated elementary gases coming from a combustion. Combustion is a thermal-analysis of a substance whereby a solid is transferred or transformed into gases. Therefore if scientists are right, the sun has deliberately committing suicide by burning herself up for millions of years. Such a contention cannot be maintained for a moment on any scientific or reasonable basis.
I firmly uphold my assertion that the sun is not a flaming mass, but a cool body like our earth, and I stand ready to meet any scientist who disagrees with me on a platform for a public discussion.
Some very interesting questions could be put to those who may accept the invitation, for instance:
1 – Why should elementary heat from an alleged flaming sun travel 186,000 miles per second – thousands of times faster than lightning?
2 – Why, according to the U.S. weather bureau, was a temperature of plus 25 degrees centigrade at sea level, where the vapor pressure was ascertained to be 16.5mm, reduced to 19.5 degrees below zero centigrade at 7,000 meters where vapor pressure was found to be but 0.5 mm., and why did the temperatures between 13,000 and 20,000 meters altitude show a fixed degree of 55 degrees below zero centigrade where vapor pressure had reached its zero point?