Category Archives: Great Uighur Empire

Posts discussing the Great Uighur Empire as discussed by James Churchward

Looking for the Great Uighur Empire Capital Part 5

To repeat the question from the end of Part 4:
See also Part 1 or Part 2 or Part 3.

So, according to the newspaper article and the works of James Churchward, the ancient Uighurs of 70,000 years ago had their capital at Khara Khoto, but where is this capital in relationship to the historical Great Uighur Empire/Khaganate (744-840)?
A map is shown below that represents the territory under the control of the Uighur Kagans.

Map of Great Uighur Empire/Khaganate

Map of Great Uighur Empire/Khaganate

The Uighur leaders also had an affinity for the Orkhon Valley and built their capital at Ordu Baliq or Karabalghasun, less than 18 miles away from the city that would one day become the capital of the Mongol Empire, Karakhorum.

Capital of the Great Uighur Empire - Ordu Baliq

Capital of the Great Uighur Empire – Ordu Baliq

The map below, presented previously, again provides some perspective about the distances involved.
3ks-midrange

Views of the ancient cities with the same scale
Capital of the Great Uighur Empire - Ordu Baliq

Capital of the Great Uighur Empire - Ordu Baliq

Karakhorum Capital of the Mongol Empire

Karakhorum lies to the north of Erdeene Zuu monastery

Khara Khoto (1032-1374)

Khara Khoto (1032-1374)

Looking for the Great Uighur Empire Capital Part 4

To repeat the question from the end of Part 3:
See also Part 1 or Part 2.

At least one question arises, “How much of this newspaper article can be believed?” For instance, was Khara Khoto really the capital of Chinggis Khan and his grandson Kublai?

First, Temujin was given the title “Chinggis Khan” which can be translated as “Leader of All Who Live in Felt Tents.” He and his people lived in yurts on the grasslands of Inner Asia. When Ogedei succeeded the great Khan, he built the Mongol capital at Karakorum, in the Orkhon Valley.
In the Google Earth map below, Kharakorum is shown to the north of the square and enclosed Erdeene Zuu monastery.

Karakhorum lies to the north of Erdeene Zuu monastery

Karakorum lies to the north of Erdeene Zuu monastery


This was the capital of the Mongol Empire from 1235 to 1260 and later the Northern Yuan in the 14th and 15th centuries.

But how close is Karakorum to Kara Khoto? As shown in the following map, they are not very close (about 385 miles).
Kararahorum_to_Karakhoto

So maybe the article (and James Churchward) did not get it right about the city of Kara Khoto being a city of Chinggis Khan, but what about his grandson, Kublai? Kublai lived in Karakorum until he became the 5th Mongol Empire Kagan and finished conquering the Chinese empires. Kublai created the Yuan dynasty and built his capital at Khanbaliq in what is now known as Beijing.

The map below places the different places in perspective – Kara Khoto or the Black City is over 800 miles from Beijing or Khanbaliq. Again, the contents of the newspaper article are called into question.
3ks-midrange

So, according to the newspaper article and the works of James Churchward, the ancient Uighurs of 70,000 years ago had their capital at Kara Khoto, but where is this capital in relationship to the historical Great Uighur Empire/Khaganate (744-840)?

Visit part 5 for that answer.

Looking for the Great Uighur Empire Capital Part 3

Continuing from Part 2.
Also see Part 1

In answering the question, “where did James’ assertion that Koslov was not allowed to take anything except pictures come from?” (see Looking for the Great Uighur Empire Capital Part 1), we should examine an undated and unattributed newspaper article from one of James Churchward’s scrapbooks.

khara-khota-name_sm

The entire transcribed article is included as footnote in “Lifting the Veil on the Lost Continent of Mu Motherland of Men,” but it begins as follows:

One of the most picturesque and important of archaeological discoveries of the century has been made by Professor P. K. Kozloff, of Moscow, under the sand-covered ruins of Khara Khoto, in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia.

Khara Khoto, or the Black City, was the capital both of Genghis Khan and Kubla Khan, two of the great Mongol conquerors, who during their lives swept with their hordes over Asia and a good part of Europe. It was of Kubla Khan that the English poet, Coleridge, wrote that strange and haunting verse of his, beginning:

“In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
A stately pleasure-dome decree
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
Through caverns, measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.”

Digging down through half-a-hundred feet of shifting sand, Professor Kozloff has unearthed there the tombs of what appear to be the legendary Seven Kings of ancient Tartary – certainly the oldest kings that ever ruled any civilization. At this depth the tools of his men struck brick and fossilized black wood. Cutting through this an opening large enough to let a man go through, they lowered Kozloff into the black depths.

As the explorer reached the bottom of the secret chamber his flash revealed one of the most astonishing sites ever seen by an archaeologist – stranger than the scene that met the eyes of the finders of old Pharaoh Tutankhamen’s tomb.

and a few paragraphs later:

…By presenting his friendly Mongolian Prince with a phonograph and records of the chants of lamas and songs of the shepherds, the latter became unusually friendly and said that if he could present similar marvelous objects to a number of other princes and the lamas he might get permission for the excavation of Kara Khoto.

But with the condition that he should not take away the dead, or anything that belonged to them, but see and copy everything he wished, and cover again the place with sand.

The article describes the tomb in which Koslov was lowered contained the tomb of seven great kings of Tartary that composed a dynasty from 8000 to 7000 years ago. Each of their mummies were seated upon thrones, “each dressed in gorgeous robes and with heavy gold masks over their faces” and on the tables in front of them “were large bowls of jade, whose cups showed that the had once held some crimson liquid.”

The Uighurs, as the race was called, reached a high degree of culture: they knew astrology, mining, textile industry, architecture, mathematics, agriculture, writing and reading, medicine and Magianism. They had excellent training in decorative arts on silk, metal, and wood, and they made statues of gold and silver and wood, clay and bronze.

This article seems to be a source for the Great Uighur Empire that James wrote about in his books as shown in the following from the 1926 Lost Continent of Mu Motherland of Men page 107 and the 1931 Lost Continent of Mu page 120:

The Uighurs had reached a high state of civilization and culture: they knew astrology, mining, the textile industries, architecture, mathematics, agriculture, writing, reading, medicine, etc. They were experts in decorative art on silk, metals and wood, and they made statues of gold, silver, bronze and clay; and this was before the history of Egypt commenced.

At least one question arises, “How much of this newspaper article can be believed?” For instance, was Khara Khoto really the capital of Chinggis Khan and his grandson Kublai?

We will explore this question in the next posting…